Monday, May 25, 2020
Who doesnt love playing with glow sticks? Grab a pair and use them to examine how temperature affects the rate of chemical reactions. Its good science, plus its helpful information for when you want to make a glow stick last longer or glow more brightly. Glow Stick Experiment Materials 3 Glow sticks (the short ones are idea, but you can use any size)Glass of ice waterGlass of hot waterÃ How To Do the Glow Stick Experiment Yes, you can just activate the glow sticks, put them in the glasses, and see what happens, but that wouldnt be an experiment. Apply the scientific method: Make observations. Activate the three glow sticks by snapping them to break the container inside the tube and allowing the chemicals to mix. Does the temperature of the tube change when it starts to glow? What color is the glow? Its a good idea to write down observations.Make a prediction. Youre going to leave one glow stick at room temperature, place one in a glass of ice water, and place the third in a glass of hot water. What do you think will happen?Conduct the experiment. Note what time it is, in case you want to time how long each glow stick lasts. Place one stick in the cold water, one in the hot water, and leave the other at room temperature. If you like, use a thermometer to record the three temperatures.Take data. Note how brightly each tube glows. Are they all the same brightness? Which tube glows the most brightly? Which is the dimmest? If you have time, see how long each tube glows. Did they all glow the same length of time? Which lasted the longest? Which stopped glowin g first? You can even do math, to see how much longer one tube lasted compared with the other.Once you have completed the experiment, examine the data. You can make a table showing how brightly each stick glowed and how long it lasted. These are your results.Draw a conclusion. What happened? Did the outcome of the experiment support your prediction? Why do you think the glow sticks reacted to temperature the way they did? Glow Sticks and the Rate of Chemical Reaction A glow stick is an example of chemiluminescence. This means luminescence or light is produced as the result of a chemical reaction. Several factors affect the rate of a chemical reaction, including temperature, concentration of reactants, and the presence of other chemicals. Spoiler alert: This section tells you what happened and why. Increasing temperature typically increases the rate of the chemical reaction. Increasing temperature speeds up the motion of molecules, so they are more likely to bump into each other and react. In the case of glow sticks, this means a hotter temperature will make the glow stick glow more brightly. However, a faster reaction means it reaches completion more quickly, so placing a glow stick in a hot environment will shorten how long it lasts. On the other hand, you can slow down the rate of a chemical reaction by lowering the temperature. If you chill a glow stick, it wont glow as brightly, but it will last much longer. You can use this information to help glow sticks last. When you are done with one, put it in the freezer to slow down its reaction. It may last until the next day, while a glow stick at room temperature would stop producing light. Are Glow Sticks Endothermic or Exothermic? Another experiment you can perform is to determine whether or not glow sticks are endothermic or exothermic. In other words, does the chemical reaction in a glow stick absorb heat (endothermic) or release heat (exothermic)? Its also possible the chemical reaction neither absorbs nor releases heat. You might assume that a glow stick releases heat because it releases energy in the form of light. To find out whether this is true, you need a sensitive thermometer. Measure the temperature of a glow stick before activating it. Measure the temperature once you crack the stick to start the chemical reaction. If the temperature increases, the reaction is exothermic. If it decreases, its endothermic. If you cant record a change, then the reaction is essentially neutral as far as thermal energy is concerned.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Pastoralism is the ancient method of subsistence farming that substantially relies on the raising and tending of domestic animals. Pastoralism takes place or has taken place in most parts of the world, in climates that range from arid desert to arctic tundra and from forested lowlands to mountain pastures. The ways that pastoralists tend their flocks, then, vary widely depending on farmer flexibility, as well as the regional geographic, ecological, and social conditions. So, to a scientific researcher, pastoralism in its most basic meaning is simply stock keeping. But the study of pastoralists includes the effects stock keeping has on the societies, economies, and lifeways of the groups that keep stock and attach high cultural importance to the animals themselves. Stock Animal Origins Archaeological studies show that the earliest domesticated stock animalsÃ¢â¬âsheep, goats, and pigsÃ¢â¬âwere domesticated about the same time, about 10,000 years ago, in Western Asia. Cattle were first domesticated in the eastern Sahara desert about the same time, and other animals were domesticated later at different times in different areas. Animal domestication as a process still continues: ostriches, today an animal raised by pastoralists, were first domesticated in the mid-19th century. There are many different herded animals, which vary by the place of origin. Africa: cattle, donkeys, ostrichMiddle East: camels, sheep, goats, pigs, ducks, beesCentral Asia: camels, horses, cattle, sheepTibetan Plateau: yaksAndean Highlands: llama, alpaca, guinea pig, ducksCircumpolar arctic: reindeerSoutheast Asia, China, and India: camels, water buffalo, zebu, bantengNorth America: bees, turkeys Why Domesticate? Scholars believe that stock raising arose first when humans moved their domestic stock into drier lands distant from cultivated fields: but pastoralism was not and never has been a static process. Successful farmers adapt their processes to changing circumstances, such as environmental change, population density, and the spread of diseases. Social and technological developments such as road construction and transportation affect processes of production, storage, and distribution. There is a multitude of reasons that people raise stock. Live animals are kept for their blood, milk, and wool, for their dung as fuel and fertilizer, and as transportation and draft animals. They are also food storage, fed fodder that is inedible by humans to create human-edible food, and once slaughtered, they provide skins, sinew, fur, meat, hooves, and bones for a range of purposes from clothing to tools to house construction. Further, stock animals are units of exchange: they can be sold, given as gifts or bride-wealth, or sacrificed for feasting or the general community welfare. Variations on a Theme Thus, the term pastoralism includes many different animals in many different environments. In order to better study stock-tending, anthropologists have tried to categorize pastoralism in a number of ways. One way to look at pastoralism is a set of continuums following several threads: specialization, economy, technology and social changes, and mobility. Some farming systems are highly specializedÃ¢â¬âthey only raise one type of animalÃ¢â¬âothers are highly diversified systems which combine animal husbandry with crop production, hunting, foraging, fishing and trade into a single domestic economy. Some farmers raise animals solely for their own subsistence needs, others produce solely to be marketed to others. Some farmers are helped or hindered by technological or social changes such as the construction of road networks and reliable transportation; the presence of a temporary labor force can also affect pastoralist economies. Pastoralist people often adjust the size of their families to provide that labor force; or adjust the size of their stock to reflect their available labor. Transhumance and Nomads A major study area in pastoralism is another continuum, called transhumanceÃ when human societies move their stock from place to place. At its most basic, some pastoralists move their herds seasonally from pasture to pasture; while others always keep them in a pen and provide them forage. Some are full-time nomads. NomadismÃ¢â¬âwhen farmers move their stock far enough distances to require moving their own housesÃ¢â¬âis another continuum which is used to measure pastoralism. Semi-nomadic pastoralism is when farmers maintain a permanent home base where old people and tiny children and their caregivers live; full-time nomads move their entire family, clan, or even community as the demands of the animals require. Environmental Demands Pastoralists are found in a wide range of environments, including plains, desert, tundra, and mountains. In the Andes mountains of South America, for example, pastoralists move their flocks of llamas and alpacas between upland and lowland pastures, to escape extremes of temperature and precipitation. Some pastoralists are involved in trade networks: camels were used in the famous Silk Road to move a wide variety of goods across vast reaches of central Asia; llamas and alpacas played a crucial role in the Inca Road system. Identifying Pastoralism in Archaeological Sites Finding archaeological evidence for pastoralist activities is a bit tricky, and as you might guess, varies with the type of pastoralism being studied. Archaeological remains of structures such as pens on farmsteads and at way stations on roadways have been used effectively. The presence of game management equipment, such as horse bits, reins, shoes, and saddles are also clues. Animal fat residuesÃ¢â¬âlipids and alkanoic acids of milk fatÃ¢â¬âare found on potsherds and provide evidence of dairying activities. Environmental aspects of archaeological sites have been used as supporting evidence, such as changes in pollen over time, which show what types of plants are growing in a region; and the presence of detritivores (mites or other insects that feed on animal dung). Animal skeletons provide a wealth of information: bit wear on teeth, wear on hooves from horseshoes, morphological changes on animal bodies, and domestic herd demography. Pastoralists tend to keep female animals only as long as they reproduce, so pastoralist sites typically have more young female animals than older ones. DNA studies have tracked degrees of genetic difference among herds and domestic lineages. Sources Chepstow-Lusty AJ. 2011. Agro-pastoralism and social change in the Cuzco heartland of Peru: a brief history using environmental proxies. Antiquity 85(328):570-582.Galaty JG. 2015. Pastoralism in Anthropology. International Encyclopedia of the Social Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition). Oxford: Elsevier. p 577-583.Honeychurch W. 2016. The Archaeology of Pastoral Nomadism. Annual Review of Anthropology 45(1):341-359.Linseele V. 2010. Did Specialized Pastoralism Develop Differently in Africa than in the Near East? An Example from the West African Sahel. Journal of World Prehistory 23(2):43-77.Little MA. 2015. Chapter 24 - Pastoralism. Basics in Human Evolution. Boston: Academic Press. p 337-347.Montero RG, Mathieu J, and Singh C. 2009. Mountain Pastoralism 1500-2000: An Introduction. Nomadic Peoples 13:1-16.Nielsen AE. 2009. Pastoralism and the Non-Pastoral World in the Late Pre-Columbian History of the Southern Andes (10001535). Nomadic Peoples 13:17-35.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In the French Revolution, many contributing factors helped give birth to this messy revolution. These Factors included an unfair social system that gave privileges to the first estate, which was the clergy, and the second estate, which was the nobleman. The Rights included special positions, in which only higher classes could obtain, and most importantly an exempt from all taxation. For this reason, citizens in lower, third class France were rightfully upset. Another reason for rebellion was political reasons. Citizens of France had no voice or power in the absolute, French Monarchy. In addition to all of this, the King of France, Louis XVI, made thoughtless decisions that only helped fuel the fire for the revolt. While King Louis XVIÃ¢â¬â¢s abundantly senseless choices may be the easiest and most obvious target for the key element of rebellion, it is not the correct choice. The component that was the match, in which lighted all of the fiery concerns of the French Revolutio n, was The Enlightenment, and without it, none of these problems would have surfaced from the people of France. The Enlightenment was a new way of thinking. It was not only the French who were affected and influenced by this, but the whole world. The concept made individuals ask questions, and to seek fairness. Ã¢â¬Å"The Enlightenment was developed by scientist studying the natural world is the seventeenth centuryÃ¢â¬ (Popkin p.15). These ideas were able to spread rapidly with books, journals, and byShow MoreRelatedThe French Revolution Was A Period Of Significant Events That Changed The Face Of France1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe French Revolution was a period of significant events that drastically changed the face of France, altering the traditions of government and culture. 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Through the struggle of the revolutionaries, their ideologies endure and impact society today. Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794), a prominent character during the French Revolution created the notion of an ethnic identity during the revolution by generating the idea of a Frenchmen to further his goals through his Revolutionary Speech on the 5th February 1794. Deng Xiaoping (1904-1997), the Party leader of the Chinese Communist Party advocated for a politicalRead MoreNineteenth Century Americ A Bleak Portrayal Of The Sociopolitical Scene3092 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pageswomen did not fit the ideal puritan society because they could not be groomed into obedient wives to their men (07). As a result, majority of the women resigned to their fate as evil, and this perspective of their internal deficiencies affected them leading to their involvement in the events, which later induced witchcraft and the horrific consequences at Salem in 1692. 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With sugar came problem s for the many enslaved Africans that were forced to provide manual labor for the colonys sugar harvesting efforts. Oppression, violence, inequality (of a caste-like system), and many other hardships led to hard feelings between the Africans and their white masters, the French. (Talk about here that theRead MoreThe American Revolution And The Civil War Essay1757 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswas a point in time when we faced imminent threats from both other countries and our own country. The rejection of human rights is a crucial action which can result in a gruesome long term conflict. War is said to be inevitable by many but the study of why some of the most notable battles in history began is even more fascinating; moreover, The American Revolution and The Civil War are two of the most notorious events in American history thus it is necessary to realize just how influential and connected
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Forces and Technology Acceptance Model. Answer: Introduction: The child care industry is one of the fastest growing industries in New Zealand. With the rapid change in the lifestyle of the people, the need for the child care organizations have been growing day by day. This industry is adequately supported and funded by the New Zealand government. The interaction with the client revealed the facts that that almost 80 children have been living in the child care centre. The employees of the organization are focused on enhancing the skills of every student and ensure that each of the children is able to grow up and experience a healthy environment (Alkon et al., 2016). The organization allows late pick-ups for the children, in case the parents are not able to arrive on time. However, the organization does not charge any extra money for the late pick-ups ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017). The operational hours of the childcare organization are flexible and thus help the parents to ensure safety of the children. 20 hours free ECE and upto 50 hours WINZ are given. Moreover, personalised learning plan for every child is provided. The extended hours include the timings from 7am to midnight, all round the week. The organization also provides with low teacher to child ration (Brebner, Hammond, Schaumloffel Lind, 2015). However, specialised care and paediatricians need to be increased in the organization, in order to take good care of the children falling sick (IBISworld, 2017). The importance of this industry in New Zealand has been highlighted, along with describing the background of the company ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017).. The SWOT analysis of the company, along with Porters 5 forces and value chain has been mentioned in this assignment. The aim of the project have been stated clearly, along with the proposed outcome and the most appropriate communication strategy has also been highlighted in this assignment. Cute Kids Limited, Home based education and childcare is not a very old childcare organization. The organization and day care started with the belief that early childhood has a major role to play in shaping the future of the children ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017). The child education, has a major role to play in developing the childs ability to develop various skills and ensure lifelong learning. The mission of the company is to ensure a safe and healthy childhood for the children that would result in the bright future of the children ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017). The vision of the childcare centre is to ensure that childcare is given to each of the children to ensure meeting the stringent health and safety requirements (Alkon et al., 2016). The organizational structure is a flat one, with low levels of hierarchy (Oham Macdonald, 2016). The various designations in the o rganization include the educators, the care workers, paediatricians, financial manager, safety and security manager ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017).. The educators are able to communicate with each other, with clarity, thus ensuring development of the children. The internal and external environment of the business organization is highlighted in this assignment using the SWOT and Porters five-force analysis. Strengths The services provided are package of diversified portfolio, that includes care to learning (Alkon et al., 2016) The futuristic approach of the management has a huge potential in terms of market share and revenue growth ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017). Unity in diversity is maintained among the children, encouraging multicultural environment The strong USPs such as no extra charge for late pick-up, extended hours from 7am to midnight, learning based skill development Weakness The initial launch of the organization needed to build customer confidence, thus the initial business was low ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017). Opportunities Since most of management staffs is ethnic based, hence targeting the ethnic based customers are effective and successful ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017). Threats The various health issues and past history of illness might not get prevailed in a short span of time (IBISworld, 2017) The child care industry is a highly competitive one, hence a strong competition is faced ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017). Bargaining power of the customers The bargaining powers of the customers determine the extent to which the customer has control on the business (Dobbs, 2014). For the child care organization the bargaining power of the customers are high. This is because, there are many day care and child care centres all around New Zealand (Alkon et al., 2016). Hence, if the charges of the childcare have to be low enough in order to attract more customers. The bargaining power is edged with discounts and price subsidies or adding more USPs (Fung, 2014). The bargaining power of the customers highlights the impacts that the suppliers and internal staffs have on the business (Brebner, Hammond, Schaumloffel Lind, 2015). The suppliers of the food, stationeries and clothes have low bargaining power, since there are a huge number of suppliers available for the supply of the goods in the day care centre (Fung, 2014). The threat of the new entrants determines if a new competition is able to enter the market easily or not (Dobbs, 2014). For the childcare centre cute kids, the threat for the new entrants is average to high (Oham Macdonald, 2016). The project aims to identify the target market, focusing on the ethnic base working professionals from the local Sandringham market. The purpose of the project is to carry out research to know the various factors that are significant in decision making while choosing childcare. The aim of the project is to identify the needs of the customers and ensure that the organization is able to meet the same. The needs of the customers include care being taken by the educators and childcare centre (Dobbs, 2014). Moreover, the customers also prefer that the physical and mental development of the children is taken care, in the child care centre Cute Kids (Sharkins et al., 2016). It is important that the target customers have to be identified and are catered according to the needs. Moreover, the perception of kindergarten and childcare in Auckland city is also known, with the conduction of this study. The current scenario reveals the fact that most of the customers would like to ensure the safety of their children at the childcare centre (Sharkins et al., 2016). The basic needs of the children have to be fulfilled, along with ensuring that the children are provided a healthy environment to grow up. However, while the survey results are might reveal a different issue (Gubbels, 2014). After conducting the survey, different customer needs might be revealed. The scope of the project is wide. While conducting this project, I have been involved in various events conducted by the childcare centre. Involving me in the events of the childcare centre as a volunteer is useful for the organization. I am able to learn about the work that the childcare centre does, along with assisting in successful completion of the various events organized by the Cute Kid, childcare home ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017).. Taking part in the marketing events such as promotion and marketing, by distributing pamphlets and leaflets to the customers are also within the scope of the project. Visiting various promotional events arranged by the Cute Kids home are effective in ensuring successful marketing of the child care home. Communication strategies Communication has a key role to play in any business organization. Regular communication among the educators, along with communication with the parents is essential. The care home ensures that the educators and the care workers communicate regularly with the parents, such that the regular feedback regarding the children is given to the parents from time to time ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017).. Moreover, interpersonal communication is also important for taking care of the children. Clarity in communication with the children has to be maintained, in order to ensure complete mental, physical and psychological growth of the children. Regular communication is desirable with the parents and the educators. This will ensure that a transparency among the customers and childcare centre will be maintained. The parents will obtain the regular update of the children, thus ensuring the gain of confidence among the parents. While conducting this project, I faced various risks. These risks include the lack of time, lack of sufficient fund. The time was a major constraint for the completion of the project. I had to accommodate all the activities within the specified time. Another risk was the limited fund. The budget was a major constraint, since I had to travel to the Cute Kid childcare home, along with bearing other expenses, in order to complete the project successfully ("Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare", 2017).. The potential risks are to be identified and effective risk management have to be done in order to mitigate the risks, or curb down the intensity of the risks. Another risk faced during while undertaking the project is the lack of availability of the various resources within the stipulated time. In order to ensure successful risk identification and analysis, proper planning and communication is required. The collection of data is done through survey questionnaire. Statistical analysis is done in order to highlight the key findings. The stratified random sampling is done in order to identify the target market. The students are randomly selected. Each of the selected students are accurately determined to be eligible for being an educator. The selected sample size is 30. 30 of the students are randomly selected to get quantified result on actual perception of the students, from 2 institutions and 50 working professionals (Gubbels et al., 2014). The survey will be conducted on the local market of the Sandringham for unbiased result. The budget of the project has to be fixed in such a way that all the activities could be accommodated successfully, within the allocated budget. All the activities to be undertaken have to be listed, and budget is to be allocated to each. Moreover, the travelling expenses are to be calculated as well, in order to ensure that the expenses for travelling are within the allocated amount of money. Thus, it is concluded that the project has been successfully undertaken and completed, as a part of the internship. Though various constraints were faced, yet, the project was undertaken and completed successfully, thus fulfilling the set aims and objectives. References Alkon, A., Nouredini, S., Swartz, A., Sutherland, A. M., Stephens, M., Davidson, N. A., Rose, R. (2016). Integrated Pest Management Intervention in Child Care Centers Improves Knowledge, Pest Control, and Practices. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 30(6), e27-e41. Annual ECE Data summary (2015). Retrieved from Education counts: https://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/statistics/early-childhood-education/annual-ece-summary-reports Brebner, C., Hammond, L., Schaumloffel, N., Lind, C. (2015). Using relationships as a tool: early childhood educators perspectives of the childcaregiver relationship in a childcare setting. Early Child Development and Care, 185(5), 709-726. Cute Kids HomeBased Child Care Education | Affordable and Quality ChildCare. (2017). Cutekids.co.nz. Dobbs, M. (2014). Guidelines for applying Porter's five forces framework: a set of industry analysis templates. Competitiveness Review, 24(1), 32-45. Fung, H. P. (2014). Using porter five forces and technology acceptance model to predict cloud computing adoption among IT outsourcing service providers. Gubbels, J. S. (2014). Physical activity in childcare settings: The role of the environment. Science Sports, 29, S41-S42. Gubbels, J. S., Van Kann, D. H., de Vries, N. K., Thijs, C., Kremers, S. P. (2014). The next step in health behavior research: the need for ecological moderation analyses-an application to diet and physical activity at childcare. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11(1), 52. IBISworld. (2017, May). Child Care services in New Zealand. Retrieved from ibis world : https://www.ibisworld.com.au/industry-trends/nz-market-research-reports/health-care-social-assistance/child-care-services.html Statistics. (2015). Oham, C., Macdonald, D. (2016). Leading and Managing a Social Enterprise in Health and Social Care. Community Training Partners. Sharkins, K. A., Newton, A. B., Albaiz, N. E. A., Ernest, J. M. (2016). Preschool childrens exposure to media, technology, and screen time: Perspectives of caregivers from three early childcare settings. Early Childhood Education Journal, 44(5), 437-444.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
The Perceived Physical Competence Subscale for Children (PPCSC) (Harter, 1982) was modified to measure childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions of physical competence (26 self-efficacy questions). ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s patterns of physical activity were measured by a modification to Sallis McKenzieÃ¢â¬â¢s Self Administered Physical Activity Checklist (SAPAC). Each item on the PPCSC was matched with an activity on the SAPAC scale. Modifications to both scales were made as a result of pilot testing performed with the sample population. A significant positive linear relationship was found between childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions of competence and their amount of physical activity. Significant positive correlations were also found for a number of self-efficacy measures and the amount of time children chose to engage in these specific activities. Significant gender differences were found between boys and girls in overall perceptions of competence, as well as in a number of self-efficacy measures. Boys were typically higher is self-efficacy on most physical activities with the exception of gymnastics, dance, and jump rope. We will write a custom essay sample on Perceived Physical Competence and the Physical Activity or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The 7th grade boys had the highest perceptions of competence, while 7th grade girls were the lowest of all four groups. These perceptions of competence were reflected in whether children chose to participate in an activity or not. Children generally chose to engage in activities that they perceived themselves competent . There also appear to be very powerful socio-cultural influences on the types of activities that boys and girls choose (Lirgg, 1992). Girls were significantly more active in health enhancing lifetime physical activities such as walking, jogging, and bicycling, and chose activities of a lower intensity level than boys. Contrary to the literature, this study found no significant differences in the total amount of physical activity between boys and girls. It was hypothesized that the rural setting in which this study was conducted may have influenced this outcome. No significant differences were found between grades in perceptions of competence or physical activity time. DEDICATION To my wife, Kim, and our three children, Sam, Corey, and Sierra. Without your unconditional love, enduring devotion, and tireless support I would not have been able to attain this accomplish. Kim, you have persevered through the long nights, and hard days with very little support from me, yet you were always there to keep me going. God has surely blessed me far more than I deserve. I love you. iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank my committee chair, Dr. George Graham, for all that he has done for me. Who opened up a whole new world to me, and I will never be the same. He challenged, pushed, and nurtured me through one of the most challenging yet rewarding times in my life. I could not have been blessed with a better mentor. Thank you for giving part of yourself to me and my family, your guidance and friendship are cherished gifts. I would also like to thank my committee members Dr. Richard Stratton, Dr. Jerry Niles, Dr. Kusum Singh, and Dr. Andy Stremmel for all of the time that you gave out of very busy schedules. Your wisdom and guidance are greatly appreciated. Every one of you contributed significantly to this great accomplishment in my life, and I am indebted to you. A special thank you to Dr. Singh for never saying Ã¢â¬ËnoÃ¢â¬â¢ to my requests for statistical help. To Don and Carolyn Forsythe, who have supported me and my family throughout this entire endeavor. I cannot express my gratitude and appreciation for all that you have done. You were that piece of security that we all needed when times got tough. We knew that gramma and grampa would always be there with their love and encouragement no matter what the occasion. Sam, Corey, and Sierra my beautiful gifts from God. We made it! I always knew that I would find love and acceptance in you three. The times that we played together, fished, told stories, prayed, and just talked will always be cherished memories for me. Children are relatively inactive for a majority of time in physical education classes (McKenzie et al. , 1996; Simons-Morton et al. , 1990; Sleap Warburton, 1992). Reported in Healthy People 2000 , in 1983, students spent an average of 27% of physical education class time involved in physical activity (USDHHS, 1991). These conclusions are supported by researchers on childrens physical activity in physical education (Corbin, 1987; McKenzie et al. 1996; Simons-Morton et al. 1987). Sadly, physical education often has a negative effect on the physical activity levels of many children. Physical activity levels are gradually eroded because of unpleasant experiences caused by embarrassment, pain, and failure associated with physical education (Sleap Warburton, 1992). In one study, adult disinclination to exercise was linked to a lack of favorable physical activity during adolescence (Simons-Morton, 1987). There can be positive effects of physical education on physical activity patterns in children. Programs that make attending physical education a pleasant experience and that can explain specific benefits of exercise can influence exercise intent and can enhance studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ future exercise behavior (Ferguson et al. 1989). Sallis (1987) and others continue this line of thinking by reporting that school physical education programs must affect physical activity outside of class and over time if they are to be considered successful. Unfortunately, there is no evidence that even innovative physical education programs have been successful in improving long-term incre ases in physical activity. 55 The strongest reason for health related physical education, however, appears to be the prevention of CVD (McKenzie Sallis, 1996, p. 226). This
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
10 Good Reasons to Keep Studying on Holidays Holidays are the most perfect time of the year for a college student, and of course it is very tempting to start hanging out all the time and forget even about the existence of homework. Very often studies are associated with constant stress and deadlines, but with a right approach you can change things for the better and start to actually enjoy your homework! So why should you continue studying and how to make it more enjoyable? You can be your own boss Remember those papers with specific deadlines and the topics you dont actually like? Theres no need to follow these requirements anymore Ã¢â¬â you can do things you actually want to. Imagine that youre the professor who tells you what to do and what kind of assignments to complete. You dont have to rush anymore The hardest thing during the semester is the amount of work you receive and all the deadline which need to be followed. During the holidays you can create your own schedule Ã¢â¬â when and what to study. It will make things much easier and youll be free at nights to spend some time with your friends. You dont have to study in the classroom anymore The best way to concentrate on your studies is to change places where you study. Class rooms may be very boring, so you need to find another place. It is almost impossible to study at home, when you get distracted by your family. And it is tempting to start watching your favourite TV show instead of studying. Choose some other places where no one can disturb you Ã¢â¬â it can be a park, a coffee shop or a public library. You will be able not only to study, but also explore your city and find some new exciting places! You can have as many breaks as you want It is proven that its much easier to study with a lot of short breaks. It is very hard to concentrate on studying for more than 40 minutes. So try to change your activities Ã¢â¬â after studying, relax for about 10-15 minutes and do something fun, like playing Xbox. It will distract you for a while, and will be good motivation to keep on studying. You can set realistic goals There is no need to push limits and set unreasonable goals. You cannot possibly study more than 3 hours a day during holidays. Stick to the time you can actually handle! You should be results oriented, not on working hours. With proper motivation, you can complete much more in 1 hour, than usually. You can choose different types of on-line education There is no need to stick to old class books Ã¢â¬â since you have a lot of free time now, try to use websites that offer on-line education like Coursera! It is very interesting, it will take about 4 hours of work during the week. The assignments are usually creative. On discussion boards you can meet new people from all around the globe. You will be able to explore new topics If you chose to take some classes on-line, you can retake the courses youve already learned this year, like marketing or economics, or you can try something totally new Ã¢â¬â start programming, learn some music theory or basic cryptography. Such new topics may be super exciting to learn, and you can expend your horizons. You will be ready for the next semester Remember the time when you got back from the school break and you forgot everything youve learned so far? It is easy to get distracted from the studies at summer, especially with all that partying and having fun. So if you study at least couple of times a week, you will notice your progress after everybody start a new school year. You can stay active and study at the same time You have a lot of free time at summer, so if you chose to study, you shouldnt forget about being active. Go swimming or running, spend some time at the gym. It will make you more energetic and help you with the further studies, which may become boring if youre not active enough. Sports will make you more confident in completing complex tasks. You will have enough rest Since its summer now, you dont have to exhaust yourself with studying till 3 AM to meet the deadlines. It is very important to get enough sleep, at least 8 hours a day. It will keep your mind fresh, and ready for learning something new. You can try to read something interesting and useful before going to bed and your brain will process all the information, while youre sleeping. Studying may be a very hard thing during the semester and students start to dream about holidays to avoid it and have some fun. But if you think about the whole process from another angle, you will understand that studying and learning new things could become perfect activities. Especially during holidays! So dont think about studying as something painful and stressful. Make it fun! Any study tips to share? Well, at least tell us how do you spend your summer holidays!
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Medication Administration - Case Study Example Hence, this tablet must be taken strictly according to the doctor's instructions. There is no mention about Mrs. Smith's age. If she is elderly with impaired renal function and low lean body mass, she has to take lower dose than what non-elderly patients do. Higher dose intake is known to cause dizziness, eye disorders, cardiac disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, and skin rashes (Lanoxin). Frusemide is used for hypertension as well as congestive heart failure, pulmonary, renal disorder in adults, children and infants. Diuresis is induced in an hour after the intake of Frusemide. Frusemide is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The dose may comprise 20 mg to 80 mg two to four consecutive days per week, in single dose. If the response is not satisfactory, the dose may be increased by 20 mg to 40 mg after 6 to 8 hours from the first dose intake until the desired dose is established. Symptoms of headache, dizziness, dryness of mouth or visual impairment are known to occur. Patients with cirrhosis of liver are known to develop potassium deficiency. The tablet must be taken strictly under doctor's advice without any chance for overdose (Apo-Frusemide). Span K 600 mg is advised for patients with potassium deficiencies, cardiac failure and hypertension. 1 to 2 tablets are taken three times in a day, preferably during meals. This tablet must be withdrawn at once if there is vomiting or abdominal pains. Caution must be exercised for use for patients with chronic renal disease (Span K). Atenolol 25 mg Atenolol is used in treatment of angina and hypertension. It is also used in treatment to prevent heart attack. This medication must be taken with full glass of water and at the same time every day. Atenolol is only part of a complete program of treatment for hypertension that may also include diet, exercise, and weight control. In case of patients with high blood pressure, it may be necessary to take this drug for the rest of the patient's life. Atenolol can also cause drowsiness, difficulty in breathing, swelling of the face, lips, throat or tongue. If any of these symptoms is noticed, call the doctor at once. Atenolol must be taken exactly as prescribed. Do not stop taking Atenolol without consulting the doctor (Atenolol). Celebrex 100mg SD Celebrex has been used for the treatment of osteoarthritis. It causes reduction in joint pain. Single dose of Celebrex provides pain relief within 30-60 minutes. Celebrex doses of up to 200 mg can be administered without regard to timing of meals. However, care must be taken while administering Celebrex to patients with arthritis. Start use with the lowest recommended dose. Celebrex is known to aggravate hypertension conditions. Also, sometimes, serious gastrointestinal toxicity such as bleeding, ulceration, or perforation of the stomach or intestine has been observed. Patients must stay alert for such symptoms and discontinue use of Celebrex if they occur (Celebrex). Outline if any of these